Guidelines are not substitutes but are complements for textbooks and cover the ESC Core Curriculum topics.Guidelines and recommendations should help physicians to make decisions in their daily practice.Selected experts in the field undertook a comprehensive review of the published evidence for diagnosis, management and/or prevention of a given condition, according to ESC Committee for Practice Guidelines (CPG) policy.
These forms were compiled into a single file and can be found on the ESC web site (
Any changes in declarations of interest that arise during the writing period must be notified to the ESC and updated.
Implementation programmes are needed because it has been shown that the outcome of disease may be favourably influenced by the thorough application of clinical recommendations.
Surveys and registries are needed to verify that real-life daily practice is in keeping with what is recommended in the guidelines, thus completing the loop between clinical research, writing of guidelines, and implementing them into clinical practice.
Because of the great number of trials on new treatments performed in recent years, and in view of new diagnostic tests, the ESC decided that it was opportune to upgrade the previous guidelines and appointed a Task Force.
It must be recognized that, even when excellent clinical trials have been undertaken, their results are open to interpretation and that treatment options may be limited by resources.
The Task Force received its entire financial support from the ESC, without any involvement from the healthcare industry.
The ESC CPG supervises and co-ordinates the preparation of new guidelines produced by task forces, expert groups or consensus panels.
ESC guidelines represent the official position of the ESC on a given topic and are regularly updated.